Sound Experiments

Modifying the Clavia Nord Micro Modular for use in Eurorack.


Introduction:

The Clavia Nord Micro Modular was introduced back in 1999 and is a small box that emulates a modular synthesizer by means of a Digital Signal Processor.
It is a reduced version of the Nord Modular; which ment just 4 voices and no multitimbrality. In a way, those limitations place it closer to a real modular system.

Over the years i have made hundreds of patches for making droning sounds that i use in making ambient music. The Micro Modular is like a paiters' pallette for
making sounds. Setting up a patch is done with an editor run on PC. The editor is graphical: One puts modules in order and 'connects' them up with virtual wires.
Patches can be saved to disk and in one of the 99 patch slots of the Micro Modular. If stored in the synth, one can call up the patches without the computer being
connected, so it's ideal for on stage use.

Now i found that the Micro Modular is often ideal to use with my real modular setup. And it got to live nearby. But how much better to have it integrated in the rack.

I had the idea for a while and when i found a scruffy looking unit for sale on an auction...


Auction bid won!


What's in the box?

The Micro Modular is easy to open up. Pull off the four knobs and undo two screws on the front and two on the back. The read cap can be lifted to reveal a well made
PCB.


Inside the Micro Modular

In my Schroff industrial 19'' case, the 17cm depth allows the PCB to be mounted to run backward from the face plate.
So! Let's dig in and start by removing all the controls and connectors!
With some careful work all required components were desoldered. The PCB holes are quite wide, so the pins are desoldered easily. I kept the PCB grounded at all times to protect the circuitry for ESD discharge.



Creating a new modular face plate.

Trying out with several sizes of aluminum panels i had in the box, i came to a 16HP size as most suitable. Now a little puzzle to get everything in a logical position..

Now it got to a little puzzle on how to best place the components on a new face plate. To conform with Eurorack, the 6.3mm jacks will be replaced with 3.5 sockets (PJ3410 insulated type from Thonk, UK).
The original components are re-used and mounted to the new front plate by first mounting them on pieces of experiment PCB boards and then bolted to the front. I made these on the fly.
To mount the PCB i made an angled aluminum carrier plate that bolts with two bolts to the front plate. I had some nice and strong black finished M4 hex bolts that suited with the front design.

I chose not to integrate the four MIDI DIN sockets, but to have them on a temporary face plate. I can later switch them to the back of my case, or to replace them entirely with MIDI-over-USB.
A great IC would be the CH345 (available on AliExpress), that has dual MIDI. Ideal to be integrated here, already in house, but that will need some testing. The Micro Modular is quite picky with MIDI as there's a fairly high rate of communication needed to the host PC! Many USB to MIDI converters i tried fail to keep up and connection was lost.


Puzzle

Gray primer and of course mandatory red final spray paint.

Trial mounting of the components.
Things getting into shape:


The front face print. Usually i make front designs by printing on Letraset Safmat foil. It's easy to use, but it is not really a clear foil. As this would mask the bright red a bit too much, i thought to try something else. I had some transfer foil normally used to print in a laserprinter and heat transfer the toner to bare copper on PCBs prior to etching. This works remarkably well. So i tried and transferred a design on the red paint... something not recommended. I started with a rather cool iron (wool), but the toner wouldn't transfer. I had to heat it up to 'cotton' for the transfer to start. But that led to very angry smells of the red paint and the toner wouldn't quite stick and the paint started rubbing off. So it did not turn out too great, but i left it like this for the time being. I did a clear coat high gloss varnish spray to secure it. I like to replace it later with some photoprint sticker.
The design i did in Photoshop, by adding photographed pieces of the original design to a photo of the new modular front plate as a reference. Then with a lot of tweaking i got a resonable result.


Signal level adaptation and CV control of the potmeters.

As you might have noticed, there's four jack inputs with the potmeters. This is where things get interesting: The volume pot and the three parameter pots are CV controlled!
Control of the volume allows to act like a kind of VCA input. The output volume controlled by a CV from the modular system; like from an envelope or LFO.
The three parameter inputs allow control of parameters in a Micro Modular patch. And keeping in mind a single control can modify multiple parameters in a patch this makes for very interesting modulation possibilities!

One little snag is that the signal levels used by the Micro Modular are a little different from levels generaly found in Eurorack modules. And a way has to be found to replace the potmeters with signal control inputs.
It called for a small PCB to be made to modify the signals.
This required some research. First, the audio in/outs of the Nord were measured to be about 1Vpp. In modular world it's more like 5-6Vpp. Which means that input signals should be attenuated by some 15dB and the outputs should be amplified bby 15dB. The headphone output is OK and is wired directly from the Nord PCB to the 3.5mm front socket.


For CV control on the potmeters i wanted to have the option that if nothing is plugged in, the potmeters keep their original function and if something is plugged in the socket i wanted -5..5V control range (corresponding to full CCW at -5V to full CW at 5V) and have the potmeter act as an attentuator. Unipolar control signals thus only control travel from mid-pot to fully CW.
The potentiometers in the Nord operate from fixed 0 and 5V. The pots are linear, so from CCW to CW the Nord perceives a 0-5V signal on the runner. When the potmeters are removed and a 0-5V signal is fed to the runner position pad, it is nicely interpreted by the Nord as a full potentiometer movement. To obtain -5V..5V control range, a level shift and divider come to the aid. For safety i also included a rail-to-rail opamp buffer, supplied from the Nord 5V, to assure the control voltage never exceeds the range of the Nord. The potmeters are wired so that the CCW end is connected to -5V. The CW end is wired to the front jack; which has a switching element that connects to +5V if nothing is plugged in. Keep in mind that control is referenced to -5V, so it might be full control of CCW to CW to the Nord is not obtainable. I managed by slightly modifing patches on the Nord.

Full schematics and PCB design can be downloaded here (PDFs in ZIP).



Signal adapter PCB fitted.


Power supply.

Like with most synthesizers, the Nord Micro Modular gets it supply from mains power. In this case via a 9V 500mA wall wart. Additionally, my signal adapter PCB needs +12V, -12V, +5V and -5V. And the +/-5V needs to be well controlled, as CV control is relative to these voltages.
In my Eurorack i use the standard Doepfer power back planes, with the well known -12V, GND, +12V, +5V, Key CV, Gate signals.

So there is no 9V available. And only +5V, but not that accurate. Time for some adaptations.

First, the main 9V supply. It could be derived from the +12V rail. The three pin 78xx family of regulators are fantastic for such a job and they are available for a large range of output voltages and can handle 1A, when properly cooled. In this case a 7809 could make +9V.Taking a measurement, the Nord draws about 400mA, which would also be drawn from the +12V. that would be quite a lot of power!

Having a close look at the Nord, first thing that happens is that the wall-wart voltage is reduced to 5V by a similar three pin regulator: LM2940C. It is an advanced, low drop linear regulator with an input range of 6-26V and a fixed 5V output. Sowww... 12V 400mA input (Is 12x0.4 = 4.8W) would have to be converted to 5V 400mA (5x0.4= 2W), which is a waste of energy and in my case it would use half the 1A rated current on my 12V rail. So i went for an approach using a switching power supply. Looking around on AliExpress and eBay, one can find these nifty little switching power supply boards. Mostly sold as supplies for Arduino or alike.



Switching mode power supply, SMPS


Here's one i had lying around; it's just about an euro a piece and can very efficiently down-regulate higher voltages to lower ones, while reducing input current. It's got a little trimmer for setting the required output voltage. I set the output voltage to 7V and hooked it up to the Nord. The LM2940C requires a minimum of 6V, but there is a diode reversal protection in series that causes an additional 0.6V voltage drop. Setting to 7V, the LM2940C receives some 6.4V, wich is ample to supply the system. On the 12V, current now is reduced to 0.24A, or 2.88W, which should be fine. Measuring before the 12V regulator in my rack, i even had +16V though and in the end i hooked the Nord with SMPS up to this raw supply and even reduced current to some 190mA.

The required +12 and -12V for the adapter PCB draws negligable power, so i hoked that up to the Doepfer rail. The +5V and -5V were derived from this with a simple OpAmp circuit, where i took the Nord 5V as a reference. All controls are relative to this 5V value. (It measured at about 5.08V)


Measurements later showed everything to work fine this way.

Ready for some testing!


When done wiring and checking everything, only thing to do is: Power up!


Firing it up!


Powered up for the first time! Running one of my droning patches. I had loaded them prior to the modification. (I.e. it is supposed to sound the way it does!)


Late night demo i did with the Nord Modular Modular installed in the rack.

Job done!
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poesboes Initial date 18-03-2017, last edited -